Civil Rape Shield Law
Rape shield - civil courts. Under Colorado criminal law there is a rape shield law that presumes that evidence of a victim's sexual conduct is irrelevant and not admissible except for:
- Evidence of the victim's prior or subsequent sexual conduct with the defendant; or
- Evidence of specific instances of sexual activity showing the source or origin of semen, pregnancy, disease, or any similar evidence of sexual intercourse offered for the purpose of showing that the act or acts were or were not committed by the defendant.
The act creates a similar presumption in a civil proceeding involving alleged sexual misconduct. If a party wants to introduce sexual conduct evidence, it must file a confidential motion with the court at least 63 days prior to trial. Prior to ruling on the motion, the court shall conduct an in camera hearing and allow the parties and alleged victim to attend and be heard. All motions and all related records are kept under seal unless the court orders that the evidence is admissible.
(Note: This summary applies to this bill as enacted.)