Skip to main content
Colorado General AssemblyToggle Main Menu
Agency NameToggle Agency Menu

Competency To Proceed And Restoration To Competency

Concerning measures related to competency to proceed, and, in connection therewith, making an appropriation.
2022 Regular Session
Crimes, Corrections, & Enforcement
Bill Summary

Under current law in a dispute over a defendant's competency, a party may request a second evaluation of the defendant. The bill requires that if a second evaluation is completed and restoration is ordered, the court shall make the second evaluation available to the department of human services (department).

The bill permits a defendant to be placed in the department's custody for an inpatient competency evaluation if the court finds the competency report provided by the department does not meet statutory requirements.

For a defendant whose highest charge is a misdemeanor, with some exceptions, the bill requires the court to order outpatient restoration services and grant the defendant a personal recognizance bond unless the defendant meets certification criteria or the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that extraordinary circumstances exist that make release inappropriate and that inpatient restoration services are appropriate.If the defendant is in custody and the recommendation is that inpatient restoration services are not clinically appropriate to restore the defendant to competency, the bill directs the court to consider releasing the defendant on bond. The bill limits outpatient restoration services to a defendant or juvenile who is a resident of Colorado and requires the services be provided in Colorado. Under current law when a defendant is in custody on a misdemeanor, petty offense, or traffic offense and the defendant is found incompetent to proceed, there is a presumption that the court will enter a personal recognizance bond. The bill also creates a presumption that the court will order outpatient restoration services. If the court denies a personal recognizance bond, the bill requires the court to notify the department of the specific facts and findings it relied upon in the order for restoration treatment. The bill allows the department to offer assistance to an out-of-state provider providing restoration services to a defendant living outside Colorado.

The bill eliminates the requirement to opine on whether there is a substantial probability that the defendant will be restored to competency and remain competent with the use of medication or not remain competent without the use of forced medication.

After the court has conducted at least 4 competency reviews, the bill requires the court to conduct a competency review every 91 days. The bill requires the court to dismiss the defendant's case if there is not a substantial probability that the defendant will be restored to competency in the reasonably foreseeable future.

Under current law when a court determines that an adult defendant is incompetent to proceed and orders the defendant to undergo restoration treatment, any claim of privilege or confidentiality by the defendant is deemed waived. The bill creates the same waiver for a juvenile defendant who is determined to be incompetent to proceed and is ordered to undergo restoration treatment. A court may order a restoration progress review hearing for a juvenile defendant at any time on the motion of any party or the court. The bill requires that when a court orders a restoration to competency evaluation for a juvenile that the evaluation be completed by the department.The bill appropriates:

  • $28,562,828 from the economic recovery and relief fund cash fund to the department for use by the office of behavioral health for inpatient bed capacity; and
  • $800,000 from the behavioral and mental health cash fund to the department to contract for a feasibility study of renovating a facility in Adams county to provide inpatient beds for competency services.

(Note: Italicized words indicate new material added to the original summary; dashes through words indicate deletions from the original summary.)

(Note: This summary applies to the reengrossed version of this bill as introduced in the second house.)


Became Law


Bill Text